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Surgical Templates for Dental Implant Positioning; Current Knowledge and Clinical Perspectives احمد محمود رباح

Dental implants have been used in a variety of different forms for many years. Since the mid-20th century, there has been an increase in interest in the implant process for the replacement of missing teeth. Branemark was one of the initial pioneers who applied scientifically based research techniques to develop an endosseous implant that forms an immobile connection with bone. The need for a dental implant to completely address multiple physical and biological factors imposes tremendous constraints on the surgical and handling protocol. Metallic dental implants have been successfully used for decades, but they have serious shortcomings related to their bony union and the fact that their mechanical properties do not match those of bone. However, anatomic limitation and restorative demands encourage the surgeon to gain precision in planning and surgical positioning of dental implants. Ideal placement of the implant facilitates the establishment of favorable forces on the implants and the prosthetic component as well as ensures an aesthetic outcome. Therefore, it is advisable to establish a logical continuity between the planned restoration and the surgical phases, it is essential to use a transfer device that for sure increases the predictability of success. The surgical guide template is fabricated by a dental technician after the presurgical restorative appointments that primarily include determination of occlusal scheme and implant angulations. Here, authors genuinely attempted to review the evolution and clinical applicability of surgical templates used in the placement of dental implants.

Awareness of dental interns in managing cases of pregnant women in Saudi Arabia د. إبراهيم صالح الجليفي
Abstract Pregnant patients are seen commonly in dental offices. However, the possible side effects of dental care on these patients can be misunderstood by both patients and dentists concerned. Therefore, it is important for dental interns, who work in almost every dental office, to know about dental management of pregnant women. A survey which consisted of 18 items, was conducted between December 2011 and March 2012 in different dental colleges in Saudi Arabia. The aim of the present study was to objectify dental interns’ knowledge of dental management of pregnant women. 152 dental interns responded to the survey (63.3% of the total). About 27% of dental interns in the study had never seen pregnant women in their clinic. The majority of dental interns see gingival inflammation as the most oral manifestation in pregnant women (92.1%), and Amoxicillin being the most common antibiotic prescribed for pregnant women (96.1%), when (96.1%) of the dental interns are prescribing it. Regarding their dental school subjects which include managing pregnant women, 29.6% of the dental interns described it as adequate, while 48% said it was little helpful, and 22.4% agreed that it was insufficient. However only 20.4% look for more additional sources of information, while 14.5% said they rarely do. This finding underscores the need to improve the knowledge and information of fundamentals of dental management of pregnant women. Improvement is needed to increase the awareness of dental interns in Saudi Arabia toward this kind of critical treatment. ...
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Oral Health Educational Program in Elementary Schools in Riyadh رفال سعد البعيجان

Albaijan R., AL-Kahttani R., AL-Nufaiy B., AL-munaiseer N., Asrar N., AL-Hoossaini R., AL-Saleh W.

Application of Ethical Decision Making: A Survey Study Among Dentists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia رفال سعد البعيجان

AL-Kahttani R., Albaijan R,AL-Hamdan K.

Antibiotic Prophylaxis against Infective Endocarditis in Adult and Children Patients: Knowledge among Dentists in Saudi Arabia رفال سعد البعيجان

AL-Fouzan A., AL-Shinaiber R., AL-baijan R., . AlBalawi M.



A case of bilateral maxillary permanent double teeth of the central incisors is described.  Treatment comprised of surgical separation, periodontal therapy, conservative pulp therapy and orthodontic alignment.  Surgical splitting and removal one half of the double tooth resulted in acceptable shaped tooth. Periodontal therapy involved augmentation of the bone defect covered the exposed part of the root. Orthodontic treatment involved alignment of teeth and relief anterior crowding. No root canal therapy was performed, and the teeth showed no evidence of increased mobility.  The intervened teeth remained vital and periodontal health maintained.  A follow-up examination after four years revealed a good prognosis and stability. At the age of 19 the two centrals were crowned by porcelain fused to metal jacket crown for esthetic and acceptable shape. 

Incidence of Ectodermal Dysplasia among children attending dental clinics Othman Mahmoud Othman Yassin Al-Ajlouni


E.D. is a hereditary congenital condition of 3 trait Hypohyclorsis  hypotrichesis hypohyclorsis .

It's inherited as Autosomal dominl ,recessive  or X-linked .

Clinical intra oral presentation hypodontia with conical shaped crown and generalized spacing with delayed eruption or Anodontia .

Prevalence in population 1/100000  /100000  births.

“Study of lip prints” in Pediatric patients Othman Mahmoud Othman Yassin Al-Ajlouni

Lip prints are normal lines & fissures in the form of wrinkles and grooves present in the zone of transition of human lip, between the inner labial mucosa and outer skin, examination of which is known as Cheiloscopy. This is unique for individuals, as finger prints. Research studies and information regarding the use of lip prints as evidence in personal identification and criminal investigation in dentistry.  Studying in depth and establishing further facts and truth in lip prints will certainly help as useful evidence in forensic dentistry.

The prime aim of the present study is to find out the relation of lip prints & its competency.

The objectives are:

ž  To assess whether the lip prints are helpful in identification of age of the child

ž  To assess whether certain pattern  of  lip prints are  associated with malocclusion

ž  To assess the lip prints are useful in determination of sex of the child.




To find out the most effective mode of communication approach for delivering proper oral hygiene instructions in the first and second grades students (6–7-years-old) in primary male schools in Alkharj Governorate, by using specially made videotape and direct oral  instructions.


The study consists of 95 students. A special video tape was prepared informing the proper tooth brushing. The direct demonstration and instructions about the correct technique for proper tooth brushing was delivered by the dental student. All subjects at the same time were informed about the study and two questions were distributed to the students in a written paper with closed answer asking which approach was clear and you understood the correct way for cleaning their teeth. After that the subjects were asked to circle on the paper they had on the two questions of the (which is the best informed them about the proper way of brushing their teeth? Video presentation or direct demonstration) and the best message they had received. Then the answers papers were collected from the students.

Dens Evaginatus, Etiology, Classification and Treatment Considerations: A Review. Othman Mahmoud Othman Yassin Al-Ajlouni


Dens evaginatus is a developmental dental anomaly characterized by a projection of enamel and dentin that usually encloses pulp tissue. Dens evaginatus was traditionally known as talon cusp and can be very distressing for the dental practitioner. The term talon cusp is only applicable to the anterior teeth originate palatally and proposed as a subset of dens evaginatus. For this reason dens evaginatus is more generalized term and is based on developmental origin, morphological, and histological considerations and more accurate than the term talon cusp. This standard term will help in firm diagnostic criteria for reliable estimation and evaluation, prevalence and its clinical significance of this developmental anomaly. This paper reviews the etiology, classification, prevalence, diagnosis, associations and treatment considerations.

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